Psychoanalysis

Two Women Characters of Dickens: Cold, Bitter, Narcissistic Mother Images – VI

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Spread the love15          15SharesMiss Havisham has much in common with Mrs. Joe, including a cold heart, blinding self-preoccupation, and a need for omnipotent control. They represent similar images of a narcissistic mother, brooding, hypochondriacal, and inattentive to the child’s needs. Both women are furious with men, whom they regard as weak, ineffective, and, in Miss Havisham’s […]


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Was Dickens Convinced that his Father had Failed him, Despite Loving Him? – V

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Spread the love           Through Joe, Dickens indicts yet finally exonerates his ineffective father. Pip is incredulous that Joe views his wife as a “master-mind”, a judgment that invests her with additional power and rationalises his own passivity. Joe’s abandonment of Pip is less conspicuous than De Lacey’s desertion of the Frankenstein Creature, but both failures are […]


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The Pain of Childhood Suffering Never Left Charles Dickens: A Psychoanalytical Study – I

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Spread the love           The theme of the Autobiographical Fragment is the child’s expulsion from Eden, a fall from grace into poverty, neglect, shame, and despair. Written more than twenty years after the event, the Autobiographical Fragment poignantly captures the feelings of confusion, disbelief, and helplessness Dickens experienced as a youth. The narration is clearly from a […]


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Bowlby: Expressions of Loss, Grief, and Anxiety in a Child and Psychoanalysis – IX

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Spread the love           Bowlby makes the common observation that the psychoanalytic theory of normal development is almost entirely based upon work with adult patients. Obviously, in clinical practice, the psychoanalyst is constantly preoccupied with the understanding of defences that, although once useful for survival, are now obsolete. When these findings are projected back onto the theory […]


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Bowlby: Normal and Pathological Processes of Mourning in Response to Separation and Loss – VIII

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Spread the love           Bowlby looks at human loss and distress on two levels: first, the inevitable grief, anger, and despair that result when ties are broken, and second, the ways we organize ourselves to deal with these painful and often conflictual feelings. Just as in his study of affectional ties Bowlby first searched for regularities in […]


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Bowlby: The Cognitive Map of Attachment of a Child to his Mother – VII

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Spread the love           A child’s pattern of attachment usually correlates with the way his mother treats him. By preschool age, this matrix will have become a function of the child himself or herself. This internalisation or, in Bowlby’s terms, “cognitive map” of attachment may also correlate with the child’s participation in the regulation of his or […]


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Bowlby Proposes a Large Array of Potential Pathways at Birth – VI

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Spread the love           Personality disorders derive their form from stages that were normal at some earlier phase of life. In normal development, the individual is thought to progress through the oral, anal, phallic and genital stages. If fixations occur, the person “regresses” back down the ladder. Thus, the various disorders of later life repeat phases of […]


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Bowlby: Attachment, Fears, Phobias, Death Drive from Infancy to Old Age – V

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Spread the love           Bowlby’s interpretations of children’s fears and phobias spring from the evolutionary view of attachment and entail a very different theory of explanation to that of the death drive. The new concept of instinctive behaviour, familiar to ethologists for many years, makes the traditional antithesis between innate and acquired characteristics unnecessary. Every class of behaviour […]


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Bowlby: Emotional Ambivalence versus Conflict and Compromise Behaviours – IV

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Spread the love           Psychoanalysts are particularly interested in emotional ambivalence and conflict behaviour, such as that between approach and withdrawal. Bowlby points out that the activation of such conflicts often will result in so-called compromise behaviour. The individual plays out fragments of two different systems, points out Prof. Ashoka, in the fourth part of this erudite […]


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The Model of Attachment and the Theory of Instinct by Bowlby – III

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Spread the love           Bowlby’s model of attachment is built upon a theory of instinct that is widely accepted by biologists and physiologists but differs radically from that of traditional psychoanalysis. There is disagreement not only over the kind of instincts deemed common to man—for example, instincts for sex or self-preservation— but also over the meaning of […]


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